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What is Short Message Peer-to-Peer (SMPP)? 91 Bulk SMS


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The Short Message Peer-to-Peer (SMPP) in the telecommunications industry is an open, industry standard protocol designed to provide a flexible data communication interface for the transfer of short message data between External Short Messaging Entities (ESME), Routing Entities (RE) and Message Centers. SMPP is often used to allow third parties (e.g. value-added service providers like news organizations) to submit messages, often in bulk, but it may be used for SMS peering as well. SMPP is able to carry short messages including EMS, Voice Mail notifications, Cell Broadcasts, WAP messages including WAP Push messages (used to deliver MMS notifications), USSD messages and others. Because of its versatility and support for non-GSM SMS protocols, like UMTS, IS-95 (CDMA), CDMA2000, and ANSI-136 (TDMA), the SMPP is the most commonly used protocol for short message exchange outside SS7 networks.

SMPP Applications

  1. SMPP can be used for the following applications
  2. Sending Voicemail alerts to mobile users
  3. Sending SMS notifications to mobile users, for instance when a server is down, or to notify students that a lesson is cancelled
  4. Information services: sending stock exchanges, traffic jam alerts or weather forecasts
  5. Voting, process votes from mobile users (Requesting music on the radio
  6. MMS notifications, when users pay for ringtones and Java applications, the download location is send by a MMS notification or WAP Push message
  7. Telemetry Applications

SMPP Connections

SMPP is used by clients to connect to a SMSC (Short Message Service Centre). In SMPP terms, the client is called ESME (Extended Short Message Entity). SMSC's can also exchange data using a SMPP connection. Messages Send to a SMSC is called MT (Mobile Terminated) messages, because they are sent to a mobile phone. Messages received from a SMSC are called MO (Mobile Originated) messages, because they were sent from a mobile phone. When an ESME establishes a connection using SMPP, this can be done in three modes: Transmitter, the ESME can only submit messages to the SMSC; Receiver, the ESME can only receive messages or delivery reports from the SMSC; Transceiver, the EMSE can bot send and receive messages to and from the SMSC.

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